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près de Nyon, Canton de Vaud (Switzerland)

En environ une heure de marche facile, Nyon vous révélera ses secrets tout en vous laissant le plaisir de découvrir ses rues, ses artisans, ses différents monuments et tant d'autres.

L’archéologie atteste la présence humaine au bord du lac Léman dès le Néolithique. A l’âge du Fer, les Helvètes, peuple celtique, occupait le Plateau suisse probablement jusqu’à la région nyonnaise. C’est là qu’après ses victoires en Gaule, Jules César fonda la Colonia Iulia Equestris vers 45 avant notre ère. La ville de Nyon (dont le nom dérive de « Noviodunum », son antécédent celtique) était le centre urbain de ce territoire. Les vestiges de ses monuments imposants reposent sous la ville actuelle.
Au Moyen Âge, Nyon est le fief de l’archevêque de Besançon et puis des Seigneurs de Prangins. La Ville est cédée à la maison de Savoie en 1293 lors de la conquête du canton de Vaud. La cité se voit octroyer des franchises et le droit de battre monnaie ce qui lui confère une prospérité certaine. En 1536, les bernois envahissent le territoire en apportant la Réforme. Nyon devient un bailliage. En 1803 à la suite de la révolution de 1798, Vaud devient un canton helvétique. De 1781 à 1813 la Ville doit toute sa réputation à sa prestigieuse fabrique de porcelaine de renommée européenne. Depuis 1798, Nyon est devenu chef-lieu du district.

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Tourist Office Nyon

The Tourist information in Nyon is an association which defines, updates and implements the regional marketing policy for Nyon and its whole district. It also operates informational and promotional welcoming structures linked to the touristic and economic activities in the region, among the Tourist information Nyon. The Nyon Museums Pass is exclusively on sale at the information desk.
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Nyon Castle

In a sumptuously laid out dining room in Nyon’s mediaeval castle, the Museum displays a collection of porcelain produced in Nyon between 1781 and 1813. The Nyon Porcelain Factory, one of only two factories in Switzerland at the time, produced neo-classical pieces, essentially for a local clientele of dignitaries and aristocrats. It obtained its raw material of kaolin from Saint-Yrieix near Limoges and the whiteness of its porcelain is comparable with high quality French production. The Nyon Porcelain Factory did not have the support of a sovereign, rather the wealthy middle class, and the revolutionary and Napoleonic troubles were the undoing of this expensive industry: the production of porcelain started to fall in 1805 and ceased altogether in 1813. However, the factory continued to produce fine ceramics until 1979.
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Nyon Roman Museum

Included in the Nyon Museums Pass Between Lausanne and Geneva, Nyon is situated on the remains of one of Switzerland’s biggest Roman cities: Noviodunum. The vestiges of this period are magnificently preserved in the Nyon Roman Museum. Exceptional sculptures and objects relating to everyday life, culture or religion are part of the uniquely rich permanent collection. Many amphora, and other vine and wine related objects, attest to the long history of the La Côte AOC vineyard around the town of Nyon, the biggest wine-making area of the Lake Geneva Region. Every year, there are one or two temporary exhibitions dealing with various themes of the Roman era, while the “Roman Holiday” kids’ programme turns the little ones into Julius Caesar’s heirs, with costumes, games and workshops. Nyon Région Museums Pass 8 museums for the price of CHF 12.- . The Pass is valid for 1 year from the first day of use.
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Nyon Temple

The current church was last renovated between 2013-2016. The Romanesque choir dates from the first quarter of the 12th century. The medieval mural depicting the miracle of Pentecost probably dates from the second half of the 13th century. The beautiful stained glass windows, apart from the one behind the organ, were created by the artist François de Ribaupierre (1886-1981). Originally this church was Catholic and was called "Notre-Dame".
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Arch Ste-Marie

Formerly, two towers framed this medieval machicolated gate. During the construction of a lakeside house in the 18th century, a tower was demolished and the gate replaced by the current stone archway.
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Roman columns in Nyon

On the Esplanade des Marronniers (Chestnut Tree Square) there are three Roman columns, two of them fully erected. They belonged to the cryptoporticus of the holy area of the second Roman forum built around 50 AD. They initially measured 7m50 including the top sculptured element. The Roman columns were found under the Rue Delafléchère and placed on this marvellous point of view in 1958 for 2000 years celebration of the city of Nyon. By its founding through Julius Caesar, the Colonia Iulia Equestris with its urban center Noviodunum, nowadays Nyon, was the first Roman Colony in Switzerland. The first music kiosk, which is also located on this square, was inaugurated on June 17th 1894. During summertime its a tradition to assist and dance on the Esplanade des Marronniers" to free concerts every Sunday.
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Floral Mosaic

The technique used to creat this floral mosaic was inspired by the Roman stone mosaics. It is composed by more than 18'000 flowers and represents each year an actuality or a specific event in the region of Nyon.
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Lake Geneva Museum

Included in the Nyon Museums Pass Opened in 1954 in a middle-class mansion on the shore of Lake Geneva, the Lake Geneva Museum contains a collection relating to the lake and to the nature around it. The prestigious naval heritage of Lake Geneva is illustrated by 30 historical boats owned by the Museum, which has recently modernised its museography. The museum portrays the people working on the lake, particularly lifesavers and fishermen. There are various activities proposed in the same field. Three aquariums present the biotopes typical of Lake Geneva: the shoreline where fishes spawn, the mouth of a river and the depth of the lake. The first floor is dedicated to the Piccard family. August Piccard invented the first tourist submarine on Lake Geneva, put into service in 1964, the year of the Swiss National Exhibition in Lausanne. The Museum also presents the incredible feats achieved by the Piccards in the sea and in the stratosphere. Free entrance for children under 16 years old. Nyon Région Museums Pass 8 museums for the price of CHF 12.- . The Pass is valid for 1 year from the first day of use.
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Fountain Maîtres-Jacques

Hergé represented this fountain in his comic book The Adventure of Tintin "The calculus Affair".
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Roman amphitheatre of Nyon

It was built at the foot of the road leading to the vicus of Lousonna/Vidy. Two inscriptions, presented to the museum, have been revealed. One of them, which mentions Emperor Trajan, leads us to believe that the amphitheatre, in which several thousand spectators could have been seated, was built at the beginning of the 2nd century AD. In the amphitheatre the main shows we know took place were gladiator fights, hunting (venationes), exhibitions of wild animals and sometimes executions of those sentenced to death. Today, the project to make this site an archaeological place to visit and a showplace is waiting to become a reality. Note: the ruins of the amphitheatre are for the moment closed to the public.

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